Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.
The disease Diabetes is originally called ‘Diabetes Mellitus’. Gradually, the word mellitus disappeared and only diabetes remained. The word diabetes in Greek language means ‘through syphon’. Syphon means through which the liquid flows from a higher level to a lower level. The word mellitus means the flow of sweet blood in the body and the outward flow of sweet urine. Scientists have found out that the urine is sweet because of the presence of sugar known as ‘glucose’ in it. It is called ‘Madhumeham’ in Ayurvedam. In colloquial language it is known as ‘sugar complaint’.
The food that we eat contains three types of food material. They are carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Our body makes use of the glucose extracted mostly from carbohydrates (food we eat gets converted into glucose after it is digested) and provides energy thus to the body. In case of sugar patients, since supply of insulin is not sufficient, since the cells don’t receive glucose from carbohydrates, the body prepares glucose from proteins and fats. It means, the activities of carbohydrates, fats and proteins are reversed. Hence diabetes is also called ‘Metabolic Disorder’.
To sum up – when insulin fails partially or totally, when supply of glucose content is more in the blood, when the person urinates more, feels more thirsty, hunger and weakness, you can say the person is suffering from sugar complaint.
Let say in another way, in every islet of Langer Hans (Pancreas) there are about 10,000 to 20,000 beta cells. These beta cells produce insulin. The carbohydrates that mostly we eat are converted into glucose after digestion. The food thus converted into glucose is released into the blood. It is a mistake to assume that we get energy as soon as glucose is released into the blood. The energy is released only when the glucose from the bloods enters into every cell and gets burnt up there. If we assume every cell to be a fireplace, it needs oil to burn it. To burn the glucose, the oil required here is the insulin. So glucose is in the blood from time to time. When insulin is not promoted properly, the glucose in the blood increases and it results in sugar complaint.
Diabetes symptoms do not show when it enters in our body. It is only when we go for blood or urine tests for some other problem. You don’t get this disease after symptoms appear. You know the symptoms only after you get the disease. Normally 170 liters of water is filtered in the kidneys per day. Of it, 168.5 liters of water is taken back and only 1.5 liters of water is sent out as urine. In sugar patients the water mixed with glucose is sent out as urine many times.
Normally the sugar content should be 100 mg in blood. If it falls below 50mg, problem arises. Some people normally have 250 to 300 mg and at times suddenly it falls to 150 mg. It results in hypoglycemia. If blood sugar is more than 200mg, one should get Triglycerides and Cholesterol tested.
Insulin was invented in 1921. Before it was invented 50% of diabetic patients died out of diabetic coma. Now only 1% of them die. Normally insulin is required to send glucose into the cells. But every rule has an exception. So some cells of some organs don’t require insulin to receive glucose. They are retina, the lens of the eye, kidneys, nerves and red blood corpuscles.
Conditions of Natural Life Style: The requirements of our body are five. They are water, food, exercise, rest and excretion. They are also called the dharmas (duties) of the body. (dharma of water, dharma of food, dharma of exercise, dharma of rest, dharma of excretion). We should provide all these requirements every day!
Our body requires more of potassium and less of sodium. Per day we require 2500 mg of potassium only 280 mg of sodium. Actually the body requires more of Potassium and less of salt.
Sodium also reaches the cells along with the food we take. Since the particles of sodium and potassium are very minute. They enter the cells very easily. As sodium is more in the food we eat, more of sodium reaches the cell. So the cell has to send out excess of sodium. Along with this the food (glucose) too has to reach the cell, but the problem is glucose can’t get in as easily as sodium and potassium could get in. It needs the help of insulin. The receptors at the cells’ outer layer should respond to the insulin and then open its doors. Only then can glucose enter. Poor cell has to do many things at the same time. We are aggravating its work by sending more of salt. More than half of its energy is wasted in driving out the salt.
The salt inside the cell comes out and reaches the tissue fluid outside the cell. If the salt content in the tissue fluid is more, the fluid outside gets thickened. Water should be taken to reduce this thickness. Water from the blood comes and joins the salty fluid outside the cell and dilutes the salt thereby lessening the loss caused by it. We are in the habit of adding salt not only to the cooked food but also sprinkle it over raw vegetables, watermelon and guava. So, per day on an average we consume 10, 15g of salt through food, whereas the real need is only 280mg of sodium. Thus, Salt aggravates diabetes. Since metabolism and sugar are inter-related, whatever hinders the metabolism aggravates sugar.
Tips to cure Diabetes:
a) As soon as you get up, clean your mouth with water and then drink one to one and a half liters of water (not fridge water) within 5-6 minutes. Then you concentrate your mind on your stomach and intestines not allowing other thoughts to enter. Move around in the house for about 5, 10 minutes. Then the waste moves forward in the intestines and you will be forced to rush to the lavatory.
b) 350 ml of vegetable juice (Preferred vegetables for fresh juice are snake-gourd, bitter gourd, ridge gourd, ash gourd, tomato etc. Carrot and beetroot may be used for juice when blood sugar comes down)with half lime and spoon full of honey every morning will control diabetes within a month.
c) You should eat bread out of wheat flour if you desire a speedy recovery from diabetes. You can eat 2 or 4 breads (polkas) for lunch with half to one kg of curry.
d) The unpolished rice or the homemade bread made from wheat flour, the curries cooked without salt and oil taken for lunch and dinner enable the smooth and slow flow of glucose into the blood and provide the energy required for the needs of the cells for longer hours.
e) Prefer to eat more of Leafy Vegetables than Root vegetables which contains much of fibrous materials.